Area: 65 km2
Location: West of Guinea-Bissau, East of the Bijagos archipelago
Number of inhabitants:
Protected island: yes
Terrestrial protection status: biosphere reserve of the Man and the Biosphere program (UNESCO)
For 20 years, the Bijagos archipelago has been under a lot of pressure and greed. Fishermen from countries in the area where fish stocks are degraded organize poaching there, in particular to collect sharks destined for Asian markets, a very profitable illegal practice. Tourism operators perceive the potential of these territories but do not necessarily integrate the factors of respect for environmental and social balances into their forward-looking approaches.
The monetization of agriculture is pushing certain communities to transform the areas traditionally reserved for palm groves and fallow land for the cultivation of cashew nuts. Finally, the site is coveted by oil operators and mega infrastructure projects that could disrupt the social and territorial organization of the island.