Area: 9 km2
Location: Southeast of France, Var department
Number of inhabitants:
Yearly: 92 civilians and up to 250 servicemen
Number of visitors:
Tourists: ~1,200 to 1,500 per day in summer
Protected island: yes
Terrestrial protection status: Port-Cros National Park area of adhesion
Marine protection status: Port-Cros National Park adjacent maritime area
The village of Heliopolis, due to its insularity, its small number of permanent inhabitants and its geographic distance from the town of Hyères, faces several challenges.
The first one is waste management. Waste sorting is gradually being implemented: since July 2017, residents have been sorting glass, plastic, paper and fine cardboard. The waste is compacted, put in skips and then evacuated by boat through the military port. A project is underway to acquire a shredder for green waste.
Each home has an individual septic tank system for sanitation. However, with the cost of sludge disposal being very high, residents do not empty as often as recommended. Measures are underway to monitor the condition of the septic tanks and gradually improve the quality of sanitation under the Bay Contract.
The village also has a landscape heritage to preserve and enhance: its gardens. The houses, on the hillside, all have terraced gardens. Each year, a visit to part of these gardens is organized during the garden festival. A project to develop the Aygade valley into Mediterranean gardens open to the public is underway, as part of the ISOS project, under the leadership of the Port Cros National Park.