Area: 10 km2
Location: Northeast of Mozambique
Number of inhabitants: 3,963 in 2007
Number of visitors:
Tourists: ~1,000 per year
Protected island: yes
Marine protection status: Quirimbas National Park
Given the above context, Ibo Island faces several challenges. The management of fresh water with salinization of the water table and pollution of wells remains a major objective and although many projects have been devised or launched, work remains to be done to make the ideas a reality.
The collection, sorting, storage, recycling and disposal of waste are today one of the major objectives of the island. Indeed, this waste has contaminated certain water resources, and represents a threat to soils and biodiversity (marine and terrestrial).
Fishery resources and the marine ecosystem are now globally preserved but threatened by fishing that is intensifying and evolving towards practices that are less respectful of biodiversity. The challenge for Ibo is therefore to support this development while preserving fishery resources and the lagoon.
Despite legislation prohibiting construction on the seaside, there is significant and poorly controlled urbanization of the coast. Enforcing national regulations and those of the National Park is a challenge in terms of landscape and biodiversity preservation.